Indian Journal Of Animal Health

Published by

West Bengal Veterinary Association
NAAS SCORE - 4.08

Indian Journal of Animal Health
VOL. 54, NO.1 - JUNE, 2015
 

Review Article




Livestock as a reservoir of extended spectrum β-lactamase producing gram-negative organisms


I. SAMANTA, S. CHATTOPADHYAY, T.K SAR1,S. BANDYOPADHYAY2 AND S.N. JOARDAR* ............................................................................... 1 - 8


Resistance to β-lactam antibiotics in gram negative organisms (GNOs) is mediated through different mechanisms. Mutations in the penicillin binding proteins, disruption of porin proteins and efflux systems, production of enzyme that hydrolyzes and inactivates the β-lactam ring of the drug are some of them. Extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) are defined as plasmid-encoded enzymes found in the Enterobacteriaceae, frequently in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae, that confer resistance to a variety of â-lactam antibiotics, including penicillins, 2nd, 3rd and 4th-generation cephalosporins and monobactams, but usually not the carbapenems or the cephamycins. ESBLs are classified mainly by two approaches: functional classification that are based on functional properties of enzymes and molecular classification based on proteins sequence similarity of the enzyme. For detection of ESBLs from samples collected from community and hospital settings, both phenotypic and genotypic approaches are needed. The phenotypic tests would only confirm a preliminary suspect for presence of ESBLs. For more detail and genetic evaluation of a sample, genotypic tests are necessary. Various livestock species are observed to be the reservoir of ESBL producing GNOs among which poultry and pigs are quite imminent. The present review narrates some of the recent findings on the subject in global, national and regional settings.


Key words: Antibiotic resistance, CTX-M, ESBL, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, SHV, TEM.



 
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Research Article




Detection of bluetongue virus vector and its characteristics in Jharkhand


P. TIGGA, S.N. JOARDAR, D. BANERJEE, I. SAMANTA, D.P. ISORE, K. BATABYAL AND S. DEY ...................................................................... 9 - 16


The present surveillance study was conducted to detect the prevalent species of Culicoides midges, an important vector of bluetongue virus, in different districts (viz. Hazaribag, Ranchi and Khunti) of Jharkhand state of India covering central and north eastern plateau agro-climatic zone. Habitat of the midges was noted and meteriological parameters were anaysed to correlate the breeding and propagation potentiality of the midges in those areas. The principal habitat of Culicoides midges were sheds of sheep, goat, cattle or buffalo and decomposed manure. Dirty manger, cracked walls and open drainage system were also noticed to be habitat of midges. The data indicated that conducive environment for multiplication and propagation of Culicoides existed in different districts of Jharkhand, at least in studied areas. Culicoides oxystoma being observed to be more than 85% in each catch may be considered as the predominant species in these districts of Jharkhand for the first time.


Key words : Bluetongue, Culicoides sp., habitat, Jharkhand, midges.

 
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Research Article




Effect of addition of banana pseudostem juice on fatty acid profile of cow and buffalo milk during storage


P.R. RAY, P.K. GHATAK AND A.K. BANDYOPADHYAY

........................................................................... 17 - 26


Effect of addition of banana pseudostem juice (BPJ) on the fatty acid profile of raw cow and buffalo milk was studied. Raw milk added with 0.3% (v/v) BPJ had a shelf life of 6h at 30 ± 20C unlike control sample (without BPJ) which kept well for 4h only under identical condition during storage. The fatty acid composition of raw milk was determined by Gas Liquid Chromatography technique. The concentrations of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids were found to be 65.97 and 29.66% in cow milk, and 66.1 and 30.45% in buffalo milk, respectively. Non-significant differences in the contents of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids as well as in the individual fatty acid were observed in raw cow and buffalo milk preserved with BPJ for 6h at 30 ± 20C. Individual fatty acid present in cow and buffalo milk also did not exhibit any significant difference among themselves during storage. It is concluded that addition of 0.3 % (v/v) BPJ did not cause any significant change in the fat quality of cow and buffalo milk when stored at 30 ± 20C for 6h as far as fatty acid profile is concerned.


Key words : Banana pseudostem juice, Cow milk, Buffalo milk, Preservation, Gas liquid chromatography, Saturated fatty acids, Unsaturated fatty acids.

 
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Research Article




Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthoses in Black Bengal goats of organised farm in West Bengal


A. BRAHMA, S. PANDIT, D. KUMAR, J. GHOSH AND R. JAS

........................................................................... 27 - 34


The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal helminths (GIH) and intensity of gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) infection in Black Bengal goat in organised farm of West Bengal, India. A total of 40 (forty) goats in the age group of three months to one year were screened by Standard coprological technique for a period of one year (from Oct 2012 – September 2013). The overall prevalence of GIH infection was 71.04 %. Highest overall prevalence (80.63%) as well as intensity of GIN infection (402) through eggs per gram (EPG) of faeces was observed in monsoon and lowest prevalence (64.31%) and intensity (315) was recorded in summer. Haemonchus contortus was recorded as the predominant species with an overall prevalence of (63.50 %). These findings will encourage and broaden the scope of future strategic management and judicious treatment of animals with the popularly available anthelmintics.


Key words : Gastrointestinal parasites, Prevalence, Intensity, Goat, West Bengal.

 
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Research Article




Protective effect of a postential polyherbal drug on mammary tissue damage caused by intramammary administration of antibiotic by producing antioxidant action


T.K. SAR, A.K. PATRA, I. SAMANTA AND T.K. MANDAL

............................................................................. 35 - 42



The study was aimed to evaluate the effect of intramammary administration of ceftriaxone (antibiotic) on milk enzyme activites to assess mammary gland tissue damage and oxidative stress and to observe the effect of a polyherbal drug (Fibrosin®) on milk enzyme activites by one hour prior oral dosing to single intramammary administration of ceftriaxone. A total of twelve healthy lactating goats were divided into two groups (Gr-I and Gr-II) each containing six goats. A single dose of ceftriaxone dissolving in 5 ml of distilled water was divided into 2 equal portions and administered to each quarter of goats of Gr-I intracisternally at 50 mg/kg body weight. A half bolus of Fibrosin® was orally administered one hour prior to intramammary administration of ceftriaxone at 50 mg/kg body weight to goats of Gr-II. Milk alkaline phospatase activity was increased gradually until 96 hour for the antibiotic treated group indicating mammary gland tissue damage. However, the enzyme activity returned to its normal level in Fibrosin® treated Gr-II goats at 96 hour postdosing of Fibrosin®. Only intramammary antibiotic administration lowered milk GSH level at 6 hour, but thereafter steadily increased reduced glutathione (GSH) level until 96 hour. But the polyherbal treatment maintained a normal range of milk reduced glutathione. Milk Catalase activity gradually increased until 48 hour and decreased afterward until 96 hour postdosing for group I. Whereas the enzyme activity increased until 24 hour, afterward decreased at 48 hour and again increased from 72 hour to 96 hour with the polyherbal treatment signifying antioxidant activity of Fibrosin®.


Key words : Intramammary ceftriaxone, Oral fibrosin, Lactating goat, Milk enzyme activities.

 
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Research Article




Effect of agro-climatic zones on keeping quality and sensory attributes of Black Bengal goat meat


S.K. SIKDER, J.K. CHATTERJEE, S.K. DAS AND S. BISWAS

............................................................................ 43 - 54


The present study was carried out to investigate keeping quality and sensory evaluation of Black Bengal Goats reared under four different agro-climatic regions (Terai-Teesta Alluvial, Gangetic Alluvial, Undulating Red and Lateritic & Coastal Saline) of West Bengal during January’2014 to June’2014. It was found that pH and Cholesterol content of Black Bengal goat meat gradually increased with the progress of age. Lowest value (5.86±1.55) of pH was found in Gangetic Alluvial zone at “0-3 month” group and highest value (6.83±1.34) was observed in Red & Laterite zone at “9 months & above” group. Zones had exhibited no significant effect (p>0.05) on the mean cholesterol content (mg/100ml) of the goat meat sample. Color score increased with advancement of age but flavor score was gradually decreased with the progress of age in all the zones and all the groups exhibited a significant increasing trend (p<0.05) in Appearance score after 3 months of age except Coastal saline zone.Overall Acceptability score of Bengal Goat meat (cooked) in all the zones have got significant highest (p<0.05) scores at only “9 months and above” age group. 


Key words : Black Bengal goat, Meat quality, Sensory evaluation, Agro-climatic zones.

 
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Research Article




A Comparative study on the textural quality of herbal sandesh made in laboratory and collected from local markets of Kolkata


C. CHAKRABORTY, P.K. GHATAK AND A.K. BANDYOPADHYAY

............................................................................ 55 - 62



Herbal Sandesh was prepared with chhana in the laboratory by the addition of basil, mint and coriander juice individually at their 4%, 5%, 5% (w/v basis of chhana) level respectively. Market Herbal Sandesh samples were collected from Kolkata. For safe and economical food preservation systems based on natural antimicrobials get rise to the development of Herbal Sandesh. Addition of herbs juice decreased hardness, gumminess, chewiness and springiness of sandesh and improved sensory body and texture, colour and appearance as well as overall acceptability of the product when compared with control. Textural and sensory properties of different laboratory made samples of sandesh indicated that the product made by adding coriander juice proved best. Market Herbal Sandesh samples showed a comparable overall acceptability score whereas increased trend in textural quality when compared with laboratory samples.


Key words : Herbal sandesh, Texture analysis, Sensory analysis, Medicinal herbs.

 
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Short Communication





Prolapse of intussusception in a Pup—A case report


S.H. DAR, M.A. BABAAND AND K.H. DAR

........................................................................... 63 - 66



Three months old crossbred German shepherd female pup was presented with the chief complaint of repeated rectal prolapse. The animal was treated twice by local veterinarian but with no success, the animal was examined. A probe was passed between rectal mass and anus. It passed thoroughly and it was diagnosed as an intussusception which was prolapsed through the rectum. Animal was stabilized with dextrose normal saline solution. Animal was given antibiotic ceftriaxone and meloxicam preoperatively. Atropine was given preoperatively subcutaneously. Animal was operated after giving general anesthesia induced with diazepam and ketamine combination and maintained by ketamine, and the intussusception of intestines were corrected after resection of devitalized part and anastomosis was done using cushing pattern with polyglycolic acid 2-0 suture material. After 10th day skin sutures were removed and animal recovered uneventfully.


Key words : Intussusception, General anesthesia, Anastomosis, Diazepam, Ketamine.

 
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Short Communication





Isolation of Staphlococcus aureus and PCR based detection of staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) from environment


A. MAHANTI, M. GOPI, I. SAMANTA, D.P. ISORE AND S.N. JOARDAR

............................................................................ 67 - 69



Staphylococcus aureus is the causative agent of many Pyogenic infection ranging from localized abscesses to fatal septicaemias and other secondary infections. Coagulase, and enterotoxins are the major virulence factors produced by Staphylococcus aureus, Present study we have collected 50 swab samples from soil to isolate Staphylococcus aureus and to study their pathogenicity based on production of coagulase and enterotoxins. The result showed that none of the isolates were positive for both this factor. From this study we can conclude that the local environment(soil) is free from pathogenic Staphylococcus aureus, although this study should be widened before coming to any definite conclusion. 


Key words : Coagulase, Enterotoxins, Environment, Staphylococcus aureus, Soil.

 
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Book Review





A Text Book on Veterinary Surgery and Radiology



DR. S.K. NANDI, DR. SAMAR HALDER AND DR. MOZAMMEL HOQUE

................................................................................... 70



Book : A Text Book on Veterinary Surgery and Radiology



Author : Dr. S K Nandi, Associate Professor, WBUAFS

Dr Samar Halder, Associate Professor, WBUAFS

Dr Mozammel Hoque, Principal Scientist, ICAR-IVRI



Publisher : Kalyani Publishers, 4779/23, Ansari Road, Darya Ganj,

New Delhi-110 002


Reviewer : Prof. Sadananda Nayek, Professor and Head

Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology                         

College of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry

            OUAT, Bhubaneswar- 751 003, Orissa

 
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News



Ivermectin discovery bagged Nobel


T. Goswami

............................................................................ 71 - 72

 
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