Indian Journal Of Animal Health

Published by

West Bengal Veterinary Association
NAAS SCORE - 4.08

Indian Journal of Animal Health
VOL. 52, NO.1 - JUNE, 2013
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Indian Journal of Animal Health

June, 2013                                                                                                            52 (1)

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CONTENTS

1. Studies of milk production traits in cattle and buffalo under farmers’ management

NIRAJ KUMAR, S.R. SINGH, P.K. SINGH, K.G. MANDAL AND AMIT RANJAN ............................1-8

2. Effect of Phytase supplementation on performance and nutrient availability in boilers

AMITAVA ROY AND G. P. MANDAL................................................................................. 9-12

3. Training needs of farm women for sustainable pisciculture

R. MISHRA, B.P.MISHRA AND K.C.DORA .......................................................................13-18

4. Effect of field level storage system on frozen semen of cattle under the agro-climatic condition of West Bengal

SANJOY SAHA AND BUDDHADEB MANNA .................................................................19-26

5. Sero prevalance of Canine leptospirosis in kennels of Kolkata

BIPLAB PAL, JOYJIT MITRA, BIDYUT BARAN ROY AND DEBANANDA BASAK… 27-30

6. Perception of opportunities by Women Self Help group members engaged in livestock rearing

S.K. REWANI, L. TOCHHAWNG, J. ORAON AND A. K. PANDEY ..............................31-34

7. Effect of washing, heat treatment and salt concentration on the functional properties of minced squid meat

R.MISHRA AND K.C.DORA .............................................................................................35-42

8. Seasonal variation in erythrocytic indices of Black Bengal Goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) in Purulia, West Bengal

MIHIR BHATTA, DEBASISH DAS, PROBAL RANJAN GHOSH ................................43-48

9. Effect of feeding mango (Mangifera indica) Seed Kernel on the Performance of broiler chicken

MITHILESH KUMAR, P.K. SINGH, AMIT RANJAN, A. PRASAD, CHANDRAMONI,

DIVYA KUMARI AND D. KUMAR ............................................................................... 49-53

Short Communication

10. Therapeutic management of Dirofilariasis – a clinical case report

I. MOHANTY, A. R GUPTA AND K. K.SARDAR ....................................................... 54-56

11. Association of enteroaggregative heat stable enterotoxin gene (East 1) possessing Escherichia coli with duck mortality

SUBODH PAL, PARTHA SARATHI MANDAL, I. SAMANTA,

S.N. JOARDAR AND D.P. ISORE……………………………………………………...57-58

12. Parvovirus infection in a pup—a case report

B. OM PREETHI, AJIT KUMAR SINGH, D. NIYOGI AND H.N. SINGH .................59-60

13. Haemato-clinical profile and therapeutic management of Schistosoma spindale affected goats

S. BISWAS AND S. PRADHAN ....................................................................................61-62

 

Indian J. Anim. Hlth. (2013), 52(1) : 1-8

STUDIES OF MILK PRODUCTION TRAITS IN CATTLE AND

BUFFALO UNDER FARMERS’ MANAGEMENT

NIRAJ KUMAR, S.R. SINGH1, P.K. SINGH1, K.G. MANDAL AND AMIT RANJAN1

Department of Animal Breeding & Genetics

Bihar Veterinary College

Patna-800 014

 

The Study was conducted on altogether 385 milch animals comprising of 96 Desi, 64 Jersey crossbred and 64 Friesian crossbred cows as well as 161 graded buffaloes, maintained under farmers’ managementalsystem in and around Darbhanga (Bihar), were analyzed according to least squares analysis to study themagnitude as well as direction of variation in their lactation length (LL), lactation milk yield (LMY) andpeak-yield (PY) due to genetic and some nongenetic factors. Genetic group and lactation order had highlysignificant effect (P ≤ 0.01) on all the milk production traits i.e. LL, LMY and PY. Season of calving had highly significant effect (P ≤ 0.01) on LMY and PY but its effect on LL was non-significant. Effect of herdsizewas significant (P ≤ 0.05) on LMY while its effect on LL and PY was non-significant. Variation in allthe traits due to location of herd, herd-constitution and farming system were satistically non-significant

 

 

Indian J. Anim. Hlth. (2013), 52(1) : 9-12

 

EFFECT OF PHYTASE SUPPLEMENTATION ON PERFORMANCE

AND NUTRIENT AVAILABILITY IN BOILERS

AMITAVA ROY AND G. P. MANDAL

Department of Animal Nutrition

West Bengal University of Animal & Fishery Sciences

Kolkata-700 037

 

The influence of phytase supplementation on nutrient availability in broilers fed on corn-soya based dietwas investigated. Experimental treatments consisted of (1) positive control (Ca and available P as par NRC,1994); (2) negative control (Ca and available P 10 and 20% less than NRC, 1994, respectively); (3) negativecontrol plus 500 unit/kg phytase. The birds that received NC diet had lower body weight compared to thebirds that fed on PC diet at 35 d. Supplementation of Phytase to NC diet improved body weight and FCRto that of PC birds. Addition of phytase to NC diet also increased (P < 0.05) digestibility of DM and retention of Ca, P, Zn and Mn compared to unsupplemented NC. The present data demonstrate the potential of phytase to improve DM digestibility and availability of Ca, P, Zn and Mn in broiler fed corn-soya based diet.

 

 

Indian J. Anim. Hlth. (2013), 52(1) : 13-18

 

TRAINING NEEDS OF FARM WOMEN FOR

SUSTAINABLE PISCICULTURE

R. MISHRA, B.P.MISHRA AND K.C.DORA

College of Fisheries(OUAT)

Berhampur-760 007, Orissa

Women play a significant role in agricultural development and allied fields including crop production,livestock production, horticulture, fisheries etc. The decision-making role of farmwomen would be more powerful if they were exposed to various aspects of farming by organizing training programmes. Such training programmes will be more effective if they are based on felt needs of farmwomen. Fifty numbers of farm women from five villages of Puri district of Odisha having a number of fish ponds were selected for the study, to know the preferences of farm women towards season, method, venue and duration of training. The study revealed that the training programmes should be arranged for three days during April to June through demonstrations, group discussions and field trips at Krishi Vigyan Kendra of their locality which will be more effective than any other training program

 

Indian J. Anim. Hlth. (2013), 52(1) : 19-26

EFFECT OF FIELD LEVEL STORAGE SYSTEM ON

FROZEN SEMEN OF CATTLE UNDER THE AGRO-CLIMATIC

CONDITION OF WEST BENGAL

SANJOY SAHA AND BUDDHADEB MANNA1

Haringhata Farm

P.O. Mohanpur, Dist. Nadia

Pin - 741 246

Evaluation of frozen semen of cattle is important to ensure the quality of cryo-preserved semen straws usedin artificial insemination programme. A total of 17 bulls, maintained under farm condition were collectedduring September, 2005 to March, 2008 at the Frozen Semen Bull Station, Salboni, Midnapore (West), West Bengal, India. The present study was conducted to assess the semen characteristics of bulls used for artificial insemination (AI) programme in different district of West Bengal to determine the quantum of deterioration at field level storage points. The semen traits at different storage points revealed a relative significant (P < 0.02) reduction at DSB and AIC over RSB in sperm motility by 6.98 and 14.22 percent; intact acrosome by 7.05 and 15.47 percent; HOS positive by 5.27 and 11.09 percent. . In cervical mucous penetration capacity there was a reduction of 24.93 percent at AIC over RSB.

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Indian J. Anim. Hlth. (2013), 52(1) : 27-30

SERO PREVALANCE OF CANINE LEPTOSPIROSIS

IN KENNELS OF KOLKATA

BIPLAB PAL, JOYJIT MITRA, BIDYUT BARAN ROY AND DEBANANDA BASAK

Institute of Animal Health & Veterinary Biologicals (R&T)

37, Belgachia Road

Kolkata-700 037

 

23 Dogs and bitches (18 Labrador, 3 Whippet & 2 Mini – Pinscher breeds) of 3 Kennels of Kolkata was suffering from chronic jaundice, anorexia, blood in stool, conjunctivitis and pyrexia. Serum samples of all the infected animals were collected and tested by Microscopic Agglutination Test (MAT) against six serovars of Leptospira. 3 dogs and 2 bitches (Total 5) was found positive against Leptospira canicola and Leptospira autumnalis. The infected animals were treated by Doxycycline for 4 weeks gives satisfactory result.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Indian J. Anim. Hlth. (2013), 52(1) : 31-34

PERCEPTION OF OPPORTUNITIES BY WOMEN SELF HELP

GROUP MEMBERS ENGAGED IN LIVESTOCK REARING*

S.K. REWANI, L. TOCHHAWNG1, J. ORAON AND A. K. PANDEY2

Department of Veterinary & Animal Husbandry Extension

Ranchi College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry

Birsa Agricultural University

Ranchi– 834 006

 

This study aimed to determine the perception of opportunities by the members of Women Self Help Groups (WSHGs) engaged in livestock rearing. Data were collected through a pre-tested semi-structured interview schedule from 140 members of twelve randomly selected groups engaged in livestock rearing and belonging to purposively selected three blocks viz. Angara, Kanke and Ormanjhi of Ranchi district in Jharkhand. The study revealed that majority of the respondents were in agreement with the positive statements about Self Help Groups (SHGs) like development of saving habit, reduces dependence on moneylenders, access to credit to members, develops better decision making power, generates cooperation between people, makes self reliant and provides self employment opportunities and in disagreement with the negative statements like does not improve the skill in various aspects of the group and not a tool for poverty alleviation. In overall perceived opportunities, majority of the respondents (66.43%) fall in the medium perception category indicating a strong positive feeling towards the concept of SHGs.

 

 

Indian J. Anim. Hlth. (2013), 52(1) : 35-42

EFFECT OF WASHING, HEAT TREATMENT AND

SALT CONCENTRATION ON THE FUNCTIONAL PROPERTIES

OF MINCED SQUID MEAT

R.MISHRA AND K.C.DORA

College of Fisheries (OUAT), Rangailunda,

Berhampur-760 007, ODISHA

The abundant catch of small sized squids through bottom trawls are considered of low cost and thrown to sea causing pollution. An attempt was made to use those low cost squids as raw material for surimi industry. The standardisation of washing of minced squid meat was done and its effect on the gel properties was investigated. The squid mince was washed with 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15 and 0.2% NaCl for different washing period (5, 10 and 15 minutes). Washing the minced squid meat once in 0.1% NaCl for 10 minutes (6 minutes agitation, 4 minutes setting) produced good quality surimi. Highest gel strength was obtained at optimum setting temperature of 500C for the squid mince. A two step heat process (500C for 2 hours prior to heating at 800C for 30 minutes) gave the good gelling performance than one step heating process (500C for 2 hours). The effect of salt concentration on the gel functionalities of squid mince was also investigated for which different salt concentrations such as 1.0%, 2.0%, 3.0% and 4.0% NaCl were used. Addition of 3% NaCl to the squid mince during grinding showed the highest gel strength regardless of heating schedule. The overall study showed that the squid mince can be utilised effectively for the preparation of surimi as raw material which can be utilised for preparation of different value added products.

 

 

 

Indian J. Anim. Hlth. (2013), 52(1) : 43-48

SEASONAL VARIATION IN ERYTHROCYTIC INDICES OF

BLACK BENGAL GOATS (CAPRA AEGAGRUS HIRCUS)

IN PURULIA, WEST BENGAL

MIHIR BHATTA, DEBASISH DAS, PROBAL RANJAN GHOSH1

Department of Environmental Science

University of Kalyani

Kalyani, Nadia-741 235

 

Being a multipurpose animal goat can produce meat, milk and hide. Purulia has a good number of Black Bengal goat populations, which has an important role in the lives of local goat rearers. The goal of the present study is to find out the effects of changing seasons on blood elements in Black Bengal goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) in Purulia of West Bengal. The highest mean value of temperature (ºC) has been reported during the month of April and May in the season of pre-monsoon. However, the lowest value of temperature (ºC) has been reported during the month of December and January in the season of post-monsoon. The parameter studied here are concentration of Hb, RBC count, PCV, MCV, MCH and MCHC. Data has analyzed for the effect of seasonal variation among both the sexes and the current findings implies that seasonal variation plays the major role to influence the erythrocytic indices.

 

 

Indian J. Anim. Hlth. (2013), 52(1) : 49-53

EFFECT OF FEEDING MANGO (Mangifera indica)

SEED KERNEL ON THE PERFORMANCE OF BROILER CHICKEN

MITHILESH KUMAR, P.K. SINGH, AMIT RANJAN1, A. PRASAD,

CHANDRAMONI, DIVYA KUMARI2 AND D. KUMAR3

Department of Animal Nutrition

Bihar Veterinary College

Patna – 800 014

 

To find out the optimum level of inclusion of mango seed kernel (MSK) in ration of broiler starter chicken (0-4 weeks of age), day old broiler chicks (n=225) was randomly assigned to five groups having three replicates each having 15 birds in each group. The experimental diets containing MSK at 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 per cent levels replacing deoiled rice bran were fed up to 4 weeks of age. Body weight gain, feed consumption, feed efficiency of birds was similar (p < 0.05) to control group when MSK was used in the diet upto 20 per cent replacing deoiled rice bran. As the inclusion level of mango seed kernel increased, carcass qualities (dressing percentage and eviscerated percentage) and organs viz. liver, heart, gizzard and spleen were non-significant (p < 0.05) in all the groups. The cost of ration and feed cost per kg body weight was reduced as the level of MSK increased in ration. Highest profit was observed at 20% MSK inclusion in the broiler ration. On the basis of experiment results it was suggested that MSK can be used in broiler ration up to 20% level without any adverse effect on their performance and profitability.

 
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